Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder in women. The syndrome is known to cause health havoc in the lives of women suffering from it. Studies show undiagnosed PCOS is not only the major cause of infertility in women of reproductive age but creates other health problems too.
PCOS occurs when the female body produces higher amount of male sex hormones – testosterone and androgen, leading to the formation cyst follicles in the ovaries.
Signs and symptoms of PCOS
The symptoms and signs of PCOS vary greatly from women to women, due to which it is often left undiagnosed. If you are facing any of the below problem, there is a possibility that you are suffering from PCOS and need to see a doctor immediately.
- Weight gain or obesity or a very lean body
- Excessive hair growth
- Male pattern baldness
- Dark skin patches
- Irregular, prolonged, or painful menstrual cycle
- Unable to conceive or miscarriage
If left undiagnosed, the ovarian cyst syndrome leads to infertility in women, in which the ovaries stop releasing eggs. The condition worsens if accompanied with obesity. PCOS is also linked to causing diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, glucose intolerance, heart disease, premature birth and miscarriage.
Diagnosis of PCOS
There is no specific test to diagnose PCOS. Based on your medical history, doctor would do physical examination and suggest blood test and ultrasound. Early diagnosis is important as timely treatment can help you relieve from symptoms and reduce the risk of contracting other diseases.
Treatment of PCOS
Once PCOS is diagnosed, your doctor would recommend medication based on your symptoms and other medical conditions.
What you can do to control PCOS?
Physical activity, exercise, and healthy weight are vital to manage PCOS. You need to check your body weight as being overweight or obesity increases the risk of infertility and other above mentioned diseases. Healthy weight loss through proper diet would help to reduce insulin and male sex hormones levels in the body. It will also help to regulate your ovulation cycle.