Fallopian tube blockage is a common problem among women but is mostly discovered when they are not able to conceive a child. About 40% of women infertility issues are due to their tubal blockage as it prevents the movement of the fertilized egg to the uterus, thus preventing them to get pregnant. The treatment of fallopian tube blockage basically depends upon the nature of the blockage.
Broadly, fallopian tube blockage treatment include – fertility drugs, surgeries, tubal cannulation, and IVF. Your obstetrician & gynaecologist would recommend any of them based on the nature of the blockage and your other medical condition.
This mode of treatment is prescribed only when you are suffering from one fallopian tube blockage. Your Obstetrician & Gynaecologist may prescribe fertility drugs to increase your chances of conceiving using the one open fallopian tube.
The surgical treatment for tubal blockage depends upon the intensity of tubal damage and your otherwise health. Based on the affected part of fallopian tube, extent of the blockage, fertility problems and other medical conditions, your doctor may recommend either laparoscopy or laparotomy to treat the fallopian tube.
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive painless surgical procedure done under general anesthesia. Also known as belly-button or band-aid surgery, it is a one-day procedure where your hospital stay will be of about one day and you can get back to work within a week. You will have a small scar of about an inch on the abdomen.
Based on your medical condition, your doctor may perform laparotomy as not all fallopian tubes blockages can be treated through laparoscopy. Laparotomy is more invasive and needs bigger incision of about four inches.
Below conditions in fallopian tubes can be treated through surgery:
- When the fallopian tube is damaged due to a disease – Tubal reanastomosis procedure is done to repair a diseased portion.
- When the tube has developed a buildup of fluid (hydrosalpinx) – Salpingectomy is done to remove a part of a fallopian tube. It is generally performed before IVF treatment.
- When the end of the fallopian tube is blocked by a buildup of fluid (hydrosalpinx) – Salpingostomy is done to create a new opening in the fallopian tube part closest to the ovary. Chances of reblocking of the tube exist after this procedure.
- When the part of the fallopian tube nearest to the ovary is blocked partially or has a scar tissue – Fimbrioplasty is done to rebuild the fringed ends of the tube.
Tubal cannulation – Non-surgical treatment for fallopian tubes blockage
If the tubal blockage is just next to the uterus, tubal cannulation, a non-surgical procedure may be recommended. It is done by inserting a cannula through the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tube. It is not performed if you have had a scarring, genital tuberculosis, or previous fallopian tube surgery.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
For all those of you who are trying to get pregnant and do not conceive in over a year after the fallopian tube blockage treatment surgery, your doctor after evaluation and tests may suggest for an IVF.
A successful fallopian tube blockage treatment can help you attain more than one pregnancy without undergoing fertility treatment again.